The concept of Tax Deduction at Source (TDS) was there in the erstwhile VAT Laws. GST Law also mandates Tax Deduction at Source (TDS) vide Section 51 of the CGST/SGST Act 2017, Section 20 of the IGST Act, 2017 and Section 21 of the UTGST Act, 2017. GST Council in its 28th meeting held on 21.07.2018 recommended the introduction of TDS from 01.10.2018. Following would be the deductors of tax in GST under section 51 of the CGST Act, 2017 read with notification No. 33/2017-Central Tax dated 15.09.2017
(a) a department or establishment of the Central Government or State Government; or
(b) local authority; or
(c) Governmental agencies; or
(d) an authority or a board or any other body,-
(i) set up by an Act of Parliament or a State Legislature; or
(ii) established by any Government, with fifty-one per cent. or more participation by way of equity or control, to carry out any function; or
(e) a society established by the Central Government or the State Government or a Local Authority under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of1860); or
(f) public sector undertakings.
When tax deduction is required to be made in GST:
Tax is required to be deducted from the payment made / credited to a supplier, if the total value of supply under a contract in respect of supply of taxable goods or services or both, exceeds Rs. 2,50,000/- (Rupees two lakh and fifty thousand). This value shall exclude the taxes leviable under GST (i.e. ‘Central tax’, ‘State tax’, ‘UT tax’, ‘Integrated tax’ & Cess).
Conditions for & amount of deduction:
Tax deduction is required if all the following conditions are satisfied –
Where the location of the supplier is in State A and the place of supply is in State or Union territory without legislature B, it is an inter-State supply and TDS @ 2% under IGST Act is to be deducted if the deductor is registered in State A.
When tax deduction is not required to be made under GST:
Tax deduction is not required in following situations:
a) Total value of taxable supply ≤ Rs. 2.5 Lakh under a contract.
b) Contract value > Rs. 2.5 Lakh for both taxable supply and exempted supply, but the value of taxable supply under the said contract ≤ Rs. 2.5 Lakh.
c) Receipt of services which are exempted. For example services exempted under notification No. 12/2017 – Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017 as amended from time to time.
d) Receipt of goods which are exempted. For example goods exempted under notification No. 2/2017 – Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017 as amended from time to time.
e) Goods on which GST is not leviable. For example petrol, diesel, petroleum crude, natural gas, aviation turbine fuel (ATF) and alcohol for human consumption.
f) Where a supplier had issued an invoice for any sale of goods in respect of which tax was required to be deducted at source under the VAT Law before 01.07.2017, but where payment for such sale is made on or after 01.07.2017 [Section 142(13) refers].
g) Where the location of the supplier and place of supply is in a State(s)/UT(s) which is different from the State / UT where the deductor is registered.
h) All activities or transactions specified in Schedule III of the CGST/SGST Acts 2017, irrespective of the value.
i) Where the payment relates to a tax invoice that has been issued before 01.10.2018.
j) Where any amount was paid in advance prior to 01.10.2018 and the tax invoice has been issued on or after 01.10.18, to the extent of advance payment made before 01.10.2018.
k) Where the tax is to be paid on reverse charge by the recipient i.e. the deductee.
l) Where the payment is made to an unregistered supplier.
m) Where the payment relates to “Cess” component.
The filing the TDS Return in FORM GSTR-7 can be done both through the online mode in the GST portal as well as by using the offline tool.
TDS return submission procedure:
Time limit for filing the TDS Returns under GST:
The FORM GSTR-7 for a particular month has to be filed online within 10th of the month succeeding to the month in which deductions have been made.
Benefit of TDS to deductee and TDS certificate:
With the deduction of tax and submission of return in FORM GSTR 7 the amount deducted would be available in FORM GSTR 2A/4A of the registered deductee and the same would be credited in his electronic cash ledger. The deductee would be able to utilize this amount for discharging his tax liabilities.
Source: GSTN Portal
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